Measles is a highly contagious respiratory
infection that's caused by a paramyxovirus and is the most unpleasant
and the most dangerous of the children's diseases that result in a
rash. It is also known as rubeola. It should not be confused with rubella
The infection has an average incubation period of 14 days (range 6-19
days) and infectivity lasts from 2-4 days prior, until 2-5 days
following the onset of the rash (i.e. 4-9 days infectivity in total).
Those people at high risk for measles include:
After about 14 days, the following symptoms start showing:
Children who have had measles cannot
return to school or childcare before they recover and the temperature
Complications with measles are relatively common:
Complications are usually more severe amongst adults who catch the virus.
The fatality rate from measles for otherwise healthy people in developed countries is 3 deaths per thousand cases, or 0.3%. In underdeveloped nations with high rates of malnutrition and poor healthcare, fatality rates have been as high as 28%. In immunocompromised patients (e.g. people with AIDS) the fatality rate is approximately 30 percent.
Infants are generally protected from measles for 6 months after birth
due to immunity passed on from their mothers. Older kids are usually
immunized against measles according to state and school health
For most kids, the measles vaccine is part of the measles-mumps-rubella immunizations (MMR) or measles-mumps-rubella-varicella immunization (MMRV) given at 12 to 15 months of age and again at 4 to 6 years of age.
Measles vaccine is not usually given to infants younger than 12 months old. But if there's a measles outbreak, the vaccine may be given when a child is 6-11 months old, followed by the usual MMR immunization at 12-15 months and 4-6 years.
As with all immunization schedules, there are important exceptions and special circumstances. Measles vaccine should not be given to pregnant women or to kids with untreated tuberculosis, leukemia or other cancers, or people whose immune systems are suppressed for any reason.
Also, the vaccine shouldn't be given to kids who have a history of severe allergic reaction to gelatin or to the antibiotic neomycin, as they are at risk for serious reactions to the vaccine.
During a measles outbreak, people who have not been immunized (especially those at risk of serious infection, such as pregnant women, infants, or kids with weakened immune systems) can be protected from measles infection with an injection of measles antibodies called immune globulin if it's given within 6 days of exposure. These antibodies can either prevent measles or make symptoms less severe. The measles vaccine also may offer some protection if given within 72 hours of measles exposure.
Homeopathy treats the person as a whole. It means that homeopathic
treatment focuses on the patient as a person, as well as his
pathological condition. The homeopathic medicines are selected after a
full individualizing examination and case-analysis, which includes the
fever, Koplik's spots etc.
Measles can easily be cured and/or prevented through homoeopathy, especially when an epidemic of measles breaks out.
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